The Danish M/84 pattern is based on the German Flecktarn pattern. But where Flecktarn has 5 colours, the Danish M/84 does only have 3 (green, light green and black).
Danish soldier wearing the M/84 combat uniform (along with M/96 Load Bearing Equipment and CGF Gallet helmet):
History of the M/84
After WW2 the Danish Army wore the British Battledress, designated M/44 by the Danish Army. This was replaced by the M/58, a uniform based on the contemporary American uniforms. But it was in the late 70ies decided to replace this with a camouflaged uniform. The German Army had at that time conducted a series of tests that led to the Flecktarn pattern. This was tested by the Danish Army, but in a modified form with a reduced number of colours - 3 instead of the Bundeswehr 5. Measurements of the Danish terrain led to the colours chosen for the M/84 pattern. This research led to the introduction of the T/78 uniform. The "T" designates that this was a test uniform. The T/78 was tested by troops. The lessons learned by this led to the M/84 uniform. There is a number of differences between the T/78 and the M/84. The pattern: the overall pattern is the same, but the green part of the T/78 is more "khaki" whereas it is more green in the M/84. The uniform: the cut is in general the same, but press-buttons have been used instead of some of the buttons of the T/78.
Introduction of the M/84 uniform
The M/84 uniform (and all of the M/84 uniform system) was introduced in 1984 replacing the M/58 uniform. It took several years before the last units wearing T/78 and M/58 had their uniforms replaced by the M/84 uniforms.
Examples of elements in the M/84 uniform system:
(in the M/84 pattern):
- M/84 jacket (each soldier were issued two - one for the combat uniform and another for the service dress)
- M/84 combat trousers
- M/84 service trousers
(not in the M/84 pattern): plain green shirt
- "Korea" winter cap
- winter undertrousers
- winter underjacket
- "wooly pooly" woolen sweater
- windjacket for walking out dress
- trousers for walking out dress
A 20 by 20 cms view of the desert version of the M/84:
The desert pattern is based on the Danish M/84 pattern, not the German Flecktarn desert pattern. Below is shown a comparision of the T/78, M/84 and M/84 desert:
The first uniforms made in the desert pattern was designated T/99 - and was used by the Danish contingent in UNMEE Wikipedia article on UNMEE (UN peacekeeping mission in Eritrea and Ethiopia in 2000).
The same cut and clothing was used by Danish troops sent to Iraq and Afghanistan - only upper sleeve pockets with velcro was added.
The desert pattern has been used to all kinds of equipment etc - flak jackets, rain jackets, helmet covers etc.
M/84 Combat Uniform
The M/84 combat jacket:
A special version was made for the Royal Danish Air Force - this version had velcro instead of press-buttons (these could break and be dropped into an aircraft engine etc., hence velcro instead):
Other uniforms and items made in the M/84 pattern
The M/84 has since the introduction in 1984 been used for a wide number of clothing and equipment items - ranging from quartershelters to load bearing equipment. Several uniforms have also been produced in this pattern - beside the original M/84 uniform.
The "Balkan uniform" - M/01 (originally T/99) - worn by troops deployed in the NATO and UN missions in ex-Yugoslavia from the late 90ies on:
This uniform is in cut and clothing identical to the desert uniform. A later version has (also like the desert version) upper sleeve pockets with patches of velcro.
The latter uniform is now used by troops in Denmark as well (the number of troops deployed to the Balkans has gradually declined) - here is photo of soldiers from Gardehusarregimentet in Slagelse wearing the late version of the Balkan uniform:
Another item made in the M/84 pattern is the quartershelter designated Teltflage M/98 - the measurements is 175 x 275 cms:
The Danish Army has adapted its uniforms to the different environments where Danish soldiers could be deployed. So far Danish troops have not been deployed to a jungle environment, but a jungle uniform - the T/03 jungle uniform - has been developed:
The M/84 pattern has also been employed for the NBC suit of the Danish Army: